comprehensive guide to energy consultant

Energy Consultants: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you interested in becoming an energy consultant? Or do you want to know what energy consultants do and how they make money?

In this article, we’ll take a deep dive into the world of energy consulting. We’ll cover what an energy consultant is, how to become one, their potential earnings, and the business itself. We’ll also discuss who they help and other related professions.

What Is an Energy Consultant?

An energy consultant is a professional who works with individuals, businesses, and organizations to help them reduce their energy consumption and costs. Energy consultants use their knowledge of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and environmental regulations to assess energy usage and provide recommendations for improving energy efficiency. The goal of an energy consultant is to help clients save money on their energy bills while reducing their environmental impact.

How Energy Consultants Make Money

Energy consultants make money in several ways. Some work for consulting firms, while others work independently. Energy consultants may charge hourly rates, project rates, or a percentage of the money saved by their clients. They may also receive a commission for the installation of energy-saving equipment or for helping clients secure government incentives or rebates.

Salary and Potential Earnings

Energy consultants can earn a good income, with potential earnings varying depending on their level of experience, skills, and the type of work they undertake. According to, the median annual salary for an energy consultant in the United States is around $81,907. However, this figure can vary widely depending on factors such as geographic location, level of education, and years of experience.

If an energy consultant decides to start a consulting business, their earnings potential can be significantly higher. As business owners, they can set their own rates and determine their own workload. According to, the average salary for a self-employed energy consultant in the United States is around $110,310 per year. However, it is important to keep in mind that starting and running a business comes with its own set of challenges and expenses, such as marketing, office space, and overhead costs.

Becoming an Energy Consultant

There are several paths to becoming an energy consultant. Some people start their careers by becoming elite energy auditors. Others may start as energy managers or energy analysts. 

Education and Training Requirements

Becoming an energy consultant requires a solid education in 

  • energy management
  • engineering, 
  • environmental management
  • sustainable development
  • renewable energy
  • or a related field. 

Most energy consultants hold a bachelor’s or master’s degree, although some may have relevant work experience without a formal degree.

In addition to a degree, it is essential to have a solid understanding of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and environmental regulations. Many energy consultants gain this knowledge through professional certifications, such as the Certified Energy Manager (CEM) or Certified Energy Auditor (CEA) certifications, the Building Performance Institute (BPI) certification, the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification, or from us Sustainability Education Academy. We also offer energy auditor training to those who are interested in what this field is all about. 

These certifications demonstrate a high level of knowledge and expertise in the field and are highly valued by employers.

Experience Requirements

In addition to formal education and certification, most energy consulting firms require several years of experience in the energy field. Experience can be gained through internships, entry-level energy positions, or other relevant work.

Skills Required to be a Successful Energy Consultant

Energy consultants must possess a wide range of skills, including:

  • Technical Knowledge and Expertise in the Field of Energy
  • Ability to Interpret Data, Analyze Results and Make Recommendations
  • Excellent Communication Skills (Verbal & Written)
  • Problem-solving Ability
  • Ability to work with a variety of stakeholders, including clients, engineers, contractors, and vendors.

Career Pathways to Energy Consulting

While many energy consultants have a background in energy management or engineering, there are other pathways to becoming an energy consultant. For example, energy managers oversee energy efficiency projects for a specific company or organization, while energy analysts use data to identify areas of energy waste and develop strategies to reduce consumption.

Other relevant professions include,

  • building analysts
  • energy auditors
  • renewable energy project managers
  • energy managers

These professions often overlap with energy consulting and experience in these fields can provide valuable insights and expertise that can be applied to energy consulting.

Building analysts evaluate the energy performance of buildings and identify areas where energy efficiency can be improved. They also recommend solutions to reduce energy consumption and improve comfort levels for occupants. 

Energy auditors conduct comprehensive assessments of buildings, identifying energy-saving opportunities and providing recommendations for improvement.

Renewable energy project managers oversee the planning and implementation of renewable energy projects, such as solar or wind power systems. They ensure that projects are completed on time and within budget while also meeting environmental and regulatory requirements.

Energy Managers are responsible for developing and implementing energy management plans to reduce energy consumption and costs.

Regardless of the path taken, a career as an energy consultant or related field requires a strong understanding of energy systems, sustainability, and environmental impact. It also requires the ability to analyze and communicate complex information in a clear and concise manner, as well as the ability to work collaboratively with clients and colleagues.

Overall, there are several routes that can lead to becoming an energy consultant, each requiring its own unique set of skills and experience. Regardless of the path taken, a career in energy consulting can be both rewarding and financially lucrative.

Who Can Benefit from Energy Consultants?

Energy consultants can work with a wide range of clients, including commercial and industrial businesses, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. Their services can include conducting energy audits, developing energy management plans, implementing energy-saving technologies, and providing ongoing support and guidance.

Energy consultants help various types of clients, including: 

Businesses – Energy consultants can help businesses reduce their energy costs, improve their energy efficiency, and meet their sustainability goals.

Organizations – Energy consultants can help organizations, such as schools, hospitals, and government agencies, reduce their energy consumption and carbon footprint. They can also help these organizations develop and implement sustainability plans.

Individuals – Energy consultants can help homeowners and individuals save energy and money by providing advice on energy-efficient appliances, lighting, insulation, and other home upgrades.

Utilities – Energy consultants can also work with utilities to develop and implement energy efficiency programs for their customers.

In addition to businesses and organizations, governments are also major clients for energy consultants. National and local governments often have sustainability goals and regulations to meet, and they need the expertise of energy consultants to help them achieve those goals.

For example, the United Nations (UN) hires energy consultants to provide expertise on sustainable energy practices in developing countries. The U.S. Department of Energy also hires energy consultants to provide technical assistance to state and local governments on energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. They assist with research, development, and implementation of energy policies and programs.

Other government agencies, such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), also hire energy consultants to help with energy audits and to provide guidance on energy-efficient practices.

In short, energy consultants can help anyone who wants to reduce their energy consumption, save money on energy bills, and contribute to a more sustainable future. An energy consultant can provide valuable insights and recommendations to help businesses achieve their energy goals.

And there are many opportunities for energy consultants to work with government agencies to help meet sustainability goals and reduce energy consumption.

pie graph of Top Industries Hiring Energy Consultants
Top Industries Hiring Energy Consultants according to

Top Reasons Why Companies Hire Energy Consultants

  1. To reduce energy costs: Energy consultants can identify ways to reduce a company’s energy consumption and costs, which can lead to significant savings over time.
  2. To improve energy efficiency: Energy consultants can conduct energy audits and recommend upgrades to a company’s equipment and systems to improve efficiency and reduce waste.
  3. To meet sustainability goals: Many companies have committed to reducing their carbon footprint and improving their sustainability performance, and energy consultants can help them achieve these goals.
  4. To comply with regulations: Energy regulations are becoming increasingly strict, and companies may hire energy consultants to help them navigate these regulations and ensure compliance.
  5. To identify new opportunities: Energy consultants can help companies identify new opportunities to generate revenue or improve their operations through the adoption of new technologies and practices.

However, before hiring an energy consultant, companies consider several factors, including:

  • Expertise and Credentials: Companies want to work with energy consultants who have extensive knowledge and expertise in the field, as well as the necessary credentials and certifications.
  • Experience and Track Record: Companies prefer to work with energy consultants who have a proven track record of success, particularly in reducing energy costs and improving efficiency.
  • Communication Skills: Effective communication is essential in any consulting engagement, and energy consultants should be able to explain complex technical concepts in a way that non-experts can understand.
  • Cost: The cost of hiring an energy consultant is also a factor that companies consider, and they will typically look for a consultant who can provide the necessary services within their budget.
  • Cultural Fit: Lastly, companies want to work with energy consultants who understand their business and culture and who can work effectively with their team to achieve their goals.

Types of Energy Consultants and Their Roles 

There are different types of energy consultants, and each plays a different role in the energy sector. Here are some of the most common types of energy consultants and their roles:

  • Energy Efficiency Consultants: These consultants work with businesses and individuals to identify areas of energy waste and develop strategies to improve energy efficiency. They may conduct energy audits, recommend energy-efficient technologies, and help clients implement energy-saving measures.
  • Renewable Energy Consultants: These consultants specialize in renewable energy technologies, such as solar, wind, and geothermal. They may work with businesses or utilities to help them transition to renewable energy sources and may also advise individuals on the benefits of installing renewable energy systems in their homes.
  • Energy Management Consultants: These consultants work with businesses and organizations to develop and implement energy management plans. They may help clients set energy reduction targets, monitor energy use, and identify opportunities for energy savings.
  • Environmental Consultants: These consultants focus on the environmental impact of energy use. They may help clients develop sustainability plans, conduct environmental impact assessments, and ensure compliance with environmental regulations.
  • Policy Consultants: These consultants work with governments and organizations to develop and implement energy policies. They may provide advice on energy regulation, energy markets, and energy subsidies.

Whether you are looking to improve energy efficiency, transition to renewable energy, or develop a sustainability plan, an energy consultant can provide valuable insights and recommendations to help you achieve your energy goals.

Market Competition: How to Stand Out?

Here are some tips and strategies to help you as an energy consultant stand out in a competitive market:

  1. Focus on providing excellent customer service: Great energy consultants not only help their clients save money on their energy bills but also provide excellent customer service. This includes being responsive to client inquiries, maintaining regular communication, and going above and beyond to ensure client satisfaction.
  2. Stay up-to-date on industry trends and regulations: It’s important for energy consultants to stay current on the latest industry trends and regulations. This helps them provide the most accurate and up-to-date advice to their clients.
  3. Be proactive in identifying opportunities for energy savings: Energy consultants should be proactive in identifying opportunities for energy savings. This could include performing regular energy audits, analyzing energy data, and comparing prices for valued clients.
  4. Build a strong professional network: Building a strong professional network is essential for any energy consultant. This could include developing relationships with industry professionals, attending conferences and networking events, and collaborating with other consultants or businesses.
  5. Offer a wide range of services: Energy consultants should aim to offer a wide range of services to their clients. This could include energy audits, efficiency assessments, renewable energy solutions, and energy management services.
  6. Emphasize your unique selling proposition: Energy consultants should emphasize their unique selling proposition to differentiate themselves from their competitors. This could be a specific area of expertise, a specialized approach, or a particular service offering.
  7. Market yourself effectively: Effective marketing is essential for any business, including energy consulting. This could include developing a strong online presence, utilizing social media, advertising in industry publications, and leveraging word-of-mouth referrals.

How to Start an Energy Consulting Business?

Now that you have a career as an energy consultant, you may have considered starting your own business. 

Starting an energy consulting business can be challenging, but it can also be very rewarding. Here are some steps to follow if you want to start an energy consulting business:

  1. Develop your skills: To become an energy consultant, you must have expertise in energy efficiency, renewable energy, and other related fields. You can develop your skills by taking courses in these areas, attending seminars and workshops, and gaining practical experience through internships or apprenticeships.
  2. Conduct Market Research: Research the demand for energy consulting services in your area. Identify potential clients and competitors.
  3. Develop a Business Plan: Create a business plan that outlines your services, target market, marketing strategy, and financial projections.
  4. Obtain Required Licenses and Certifications: Check with your state or local government to see if there are any licenses or certifications required to operate an energy consulting business in your area. This could include certifications in energy auditing, energy management, or other related fields.
  5. Obtain Insurance:  Liability insurance can protect your business in case of any accidents or damages that may occur during the course of your work.
  6. Build Your Network: Establish relationships with potential clients, industry associations, and other professionals in the energy consulting field. Networking and marketing are key to building a client base for your energy consulting business. Attend industry events, reach out to potential clients, and consider partnering with other businesses to offer complementary services.
  7. Establish Your Pricing Model: Determine how you will charge for your services, whether it is hourly rates, project rates, or a percentage of the money saved by your clients.
  8. Set up Your Office: Set up a home office or rent office space if necessary. Invest in the equipment and software you need to operate your business.
  9. Launch Your Marketing Campaign: Develop a marketing strategy that includes a website, social media, and other advertising methods to promote your services.


Energy consulting is a challenging and rewarding career that requires a strong background in energy management, engineering, or related fields. Energy consultants help businesses and organizations improve their energy efficiency, reduce costs, and lower their environmental impact. They use their expertise to analyze energy consumption data, identify inefficiencies, and develop strategies for improvement.

There are multiple pathways to becoming an energy consultant, including pursuing a degree in a related field, gaining experience in energy management or engineering, or obtaining certifications such as Certified Energy Manager (CEM) or Certified Energy Auditor (CEA). Additionally, building analysts, energy auditors, and renewable energy project managers often have skills and experience that are relevant to energy consulting.

Energy consultants can work for consulting firms, energy companies, or as independent consultants. They can earn a lucrative income, with average salaries ranging from $81,000 to $100,000 per year, depending on their level of experience and expertise. In addition to financial rewards, energy consultants have the satisfaction of knowing that their work is making a positive impact on the environment and helping businesses and organizations become more sustainable.

Overall, energy consulting is a growing field with increasing demand for professionals who can help businesses and organizations reduce their energy consumption and costs while minimizing their environmental impact. Whether you’re interested in pursuing a career as an energy consultant or starting your own energy consulting business, there are plenty of opportunities to make a difference in this important field.


What qualifications do I need to become an energy consultant?

–          While there are no specific qualifications required to become an energy consultant, having a background in energy management, engineering, or a related field can be beneficial. Additionally, pursuing certifications such as Certified Energy Manager (CEM) or Certified Energy Auditor (CEA) can demonstrate expertise and credibility in the field.

Do energy consultants need a college degree?

–          Not necessarily, but having a degree in a related field, such as engineering or sustainability, can be beneficial.

Can I start my own energy consulting business without prior experience?

–          Starting an energy consulting business without prior experience can be challenging but not impossible. It is recommended to gain experience and expertise in the field before venturing into entrepreneurship. Additionally, seeking mentorship or guidance from experienced professionals can be helpful in establishing a successful energy consulting business.

Do energy consultants need any certifications to practice?

–          It depends on the specific type of consulting services being offered. Some certifications may be required by governing bodies or organizations.

Can an energy auditor become an energy consultant or vice versa?

–          Yes, it is possible for energy auditors to become energy consultants or vice versa. Both professions deal with energy efficiency and can provide valuable insights to clients. However, there are differences in the scope of their work and the level of expertise required.

Can an energy consultant conduct an energy audit?

–          Yes, an energy consultant can conduct an energy audit as part of their services. In fact, conducting an energy audit is often one of the first steps an energy consultant takes to assess a client’s energy usage and identify areas for improvement.

What types of clients do energy consultants typically work with?

–          Energy consultants can work with a variety of clients, including businesses, organizations, and government agencies. Their services can help these clients improve energy efficiency, reduce energy costs, and meet sustainability goals.

How can I stand out as an energy consultant in a competitive market?

–          To stand out as an energy consultant, it is important to have expertise in the field and provide valuable services to clients. Building a strong professional network, staying up-to-date on industry trends, and offering unique solutions to clients’ energy needs can also help differentiate oneself in a competitive market.

Can energy consultants work remotely?

–          Yes, many energy consultants are able to work remotely, especially for tasks such as data analysis and report writing.

Are energy consulting services tax-deductible for businesses?

–          Yes, energy consulting services can be tax-deductible for businesses as a legitimate business expense. However, it is important to consult with a tax professional for specific guidance.

1 thought on “Energy Consultant: A Complete Guide to the Career, Earnings, and Business”

  1. Thankyou for such a informative blog on Energy Consultant: A Complete Guide to the Career, Earnings, and Business”” i would also like to recommend Ingenero a energy management consultant company

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